Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a set of symptoms due to elevated androgens (male hormones) in women. The Signs and symptoms of PCOS include irregular or no menstrual periods, heavy periods, excess body and facial hair, acne, pelvic pain, difficulty getting pregnant, and patches of thick, darker, velvety skin.
The cause of PCOS is not clearly known. It could be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Obesity, sedentary lifestyle and family history puts a person at high risk.
Diagnosis of PCOS is now standardised. If any of the following criteria is met then the patient will be diagnosed with PCOS
1.Oligoovulation is infrequent or irregular ovulation (usually defined as cycles of greater than 36 days or less than 8 menstrual cycles a year)
2. Excess Androgen activity
3. Presence of polycystic ovaries which is normal seen via ultrasound procedure
Typically the doctor will look for missed periods and highly irregular period. They will conduct blood tests to check or higher level of androgens. Vaginal ultrasound procedure will be done to check for small ovarian follicles
PCOS cannot be cured but can be treated. Typically the following symptoms are treated and managed.
Restoration of fertility
Acne or skin condition
Elevated sugar levels
Heavy bleeding during period
Reducing weight through diet and exercise is one of primary treatments to regularise menstruation. Some studies suggests that moderate intake carbohydrates mainly in the form of fruits, vegetables and whole grain food results in weight loss. This in turns helps in regularising the period cycles.
Oral contraceptives and other medicines will be prescribed to manage excessive hair and acne. They also help to regularise the cycles.
Till the cycles gets regularised, wearing of leak proof panties during regular period dates will help to build confidence. Special boxer period panties which help you to manage heavy periods during irregular cycles will help you to be discreet.
As PCOS affects appearance which in turns plays on confidence, shapers come handy to manage those perceptions
Alternate therapy and treatment
Symptoms of PCOS are mentioned distinctly in Ayurveda with prescribed treatments.